Based on medical diagnosis, pedophilia is defined as a psychiatric disorder in adolescents aged 18 years and over or adults who have an interest in being attracted to young children or prepubertal. The international world asks for pedophilia as a protection for personalities as well as adults who have a sexy interest in children during puberty or before puberty.
According to some literature, pedophilia is paraphilia, a person who has a strong interest and sexual fantasy towards children before puberty that causes suffering or difficulties in their personal. Based on statistical data, many pedophiles suffer from men, but there are also women who suffer even though according to some experts the number is less than men. Until now pedophilia can not be treated medically, but certain therapies can be done to reduce or prevent pedophilia sufferers from sexual abuse of children.
In general, pedophilia means that someone who has a sexual interest in children or someone who acts sexually abuse children. This understanding is also applied to someone who is engaged in sexual activity and sexual harassment in minors. The researchers argue that this is not appropriate because based on several cases of people who sexually abuse children do not meet the clinical diagnosis standards for pedophilia, on the contrary not all pedophiles sufferers sexually abuse children.
Pedophilia was officially recognized in the 1980s, where a significant number of cases were found. Until now the exact cause of pedophilia can not be known, researchers assume that pedophilia may be related to nerve tissue that correlates psychologically with personality. The researchers grouped pedophilia based on their behavior and motivation used for the benefit of forensics and law enforcement.
There is a difference of opinion among experts on the meaning of pedophilia, on the one hand saying that child molesters or those who sexually abuse children are called pedophiles while on the other hand saying that for cases of sexual abuse of children requires a diagnosis first before deciding that the perpetrators pedophilia sufferers or not, because not all perpetrators of child sexual abuse are diagnosed as pedophilia.
Research conducted in 1993 on sexual abuse of children stated that in the field of research on pedophilia, the problem of pedophilia was not yet developed at that time, so there was a problem of definition which resulted in the absence or lack of standardization among researchers in using the term pedophilia. They stated two definitions, namely restrictive aimed at individuals who have a strong sexual interest exclusively in children and inclusive who have a broader understanding that is intended for individuals involved in sexual contact with children including incest, according to them this definition is used because the criteria for actors are easier to identify and do not require complex analysis of individual motivation.
In the end we are asked to wisely judge whether a pedophile is certain to sexually abuse children? Or conversely is the person who sexually abuses children is definitely a pedophile? This must be examined in more depth first so that the decision taken is not wrong. Because this could be used by someone who sexually harasses children who do not suffer from pedophilia to protect from harsh punishment.
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